Control rods are used in nuclear reactors to control the fission rate of uranium and plutonium. They are composed of chemical elements such as boron, silver, indium and cadmium that are capable of absorbing many neutrons without themselves fissioning.
What is the purpose of control rods in nuclear reactor?
A rod, plate, or tube containing a material such as hafnium, boron, etc., used to control the power of a nuclear reactor. By absorbing neutrons, a control rod prevents the neutrons from causing further fissions.
How do control rods help control a nuclear reaction?
A control rod is a device that is used to absorb neutrons so that the nuclear chain reaction taking place within the reactor core can be slowed down or stopped completely by inserting the rods further, or accelerated by removing them slightly.
What is the purpose of control rods in a nuclear reactor and how can their malfunction lead to meltdown?
The process is regulated with so-called control rods located between the fuel rods. The control rods can be used to regulate the water temperature by absorbing neutrons floating in the water. To shut down a power plant, engineers activate the control rods to cut off the process of nuclear fission inside the fuel rods.
What is the role of control rods in a nuclear reactor Class 12?
Control rod: It is used in nuclear reactors to control the fission rate of nuclear fuel, that is, Uranium or Plutonium.
What are the function of moderator and control rods in a nuclear reactor?
The moderator helps slow down the neutrons produced by fission to sustain the chain reaction. Control rods can then be inserted into the reactor core to reduce the reaction rate or withdrawn to increase it.
What are reactor control rods made of?
Control rods are used in nuclear reactors to control the rate of fission of the nuclear fuel – uranium or plutonium. Their compositions include chemical elements such as boron, cadmium, silver, hafnium, or indium, that are capable of absorbing many neutrons without themselves fissioning.
Which of the following is used as control rods in nuclear reactor?
We can use cadmium rods as control rods because they have the ability to absorb neutrons without fissioning themselves.
Which statement describes the use of control rods?
Which statement describes the use of control rods? Control rods are lowered into the reactor to slow down the reaction by absorbing neutrons. a self-sustaining series of chemical reactions in which the products of one reaction are the reactant in the next reaction.
Which of the following function is done by the control rods?
Control rods are used in nuclear reactors to control the fission rate of uranium or plutonium. Their compositions includes chemical elements, such as boron, cadmium, silver, hafnium, or indium, that are capable of absorbing many neutrons without themselves fissioning.
How do you control a nuclear reactor?
Most reactors are controlled by means of control rods that are made of a strongly neutron-absorbent material such as boron or cadmium. In addition to the need to capture neturons, the neutrons often have too much kinetic energy.
Why did Chernobyl explode?
The Chernobyl accident in 1986 was the result of a flawed reactor design that was operated with inadequately trained personnel. The resulting steam explosion and fires released at least 5% of the radioactive reactor core into the environment, with the deposition of radioactive materials in many parts of Europe.
What is the purpose of the concrete containment building?
A containment building, in its most common usage, is a reinforced steel, concrete or lead structure enclosing a nuclear reactor. It is designed, in any emergency, to contain the escape of radioactive steam or gas to a maximum pressure in the range of 275 to 550 kPa (40 to 80 psi).