What are the parts of electric circuit and their functions?

Every electric circuit, regardless of where it is or how large or small it is, has four basic parts: an energy source (AC or DC), a conductor (wire), an electrical load (device), and at least one controller (switch).

What are the 5 parts of a circuit?

The following common components are used in most printed circuit boards:

  1. Resistors. Resistors control the electric currents that pass through them, as well as the voltage in each component connected to them. …
  2. Transistors. …
  3. Capacitors. …
  4. Inductors. …
  5. Diodes.

What are 3 parts of an electric circuit?

An electric circuit has three parts: An energy source – like a battery or mains power. An energy receiver – like a lightbulb. An energy pathway – like a wire.

What are the different components of electric circuit?

Electronic Circuit Overview. An electronic circuit is a structure that directs and controls electric current to perform various functions including signal amplification, computation, and data transfer. It comprises several different components such as resistors, transistors, capacitors, inductors, and diodes.

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What is the function of an electric circuit?

A circuit is the closed loop through which electricity can flow. A closed circuit allows an uninterrupted flow of electricity from the source of power, through the conductor or wire, to the load, and then back again to the ground or source of power.

What are the 4 types of circuits?

Electric Circuit -Types of Electric Circuit

  • Close Circuit.
  • Open Circuit.
  • Short Circuit.
  • Series Circuit.
  • Parallel Circuit.

What are the parts and corresponding functions of a simple DC electric circuit?

A DC circuit is one in which a battery pushes current one way through the circuit. Circuits can have a multitude of components in them such as transducers, resistors, variable resistors, potentiometers, and diodes, to name a few. … This changes the energy flow through a circuit because voltage is energy per unit charge.

What are circuits in electricity?

electric circuit, path for transmitting electric current. An electric circuit includes a device that gives energy to the charged particles constituting the current, such as a battery or a generator; devices that use current, such as lamps, electric motors, or computers; and the connecting wires or transmission lines.

What are the 4 basic types of electronic components?

Basic electronic components: capacitors, resistors, diodes, transistors, etc.

What is the basic function of circuit breaker?

A circuit breaker is an electrical switch designed to protect an electrical circuit from damage caused by overcurrent/overload or short circuit. Its basic function is to interrupt current flow after protective relays detect a fault.

How does a circuit breaker function?

Breakers are installed in an electrical panel (breaker box) and each circuit is attached to a singular breaker. The breaker will monitor the circuit and in the event of a complication such as an overload, the breaker will immediately shut off that circuit.

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What is the function of cell or battery in an electric circuit?

The role of a battery (or cell) in an electric circuit is to supply energy to the circuit by doing work upon the charge to move it from the low energy terminal to the high energy terminal.