What are the components of steam powerplant?

A steam power plant consists of a boiler, steam turbine and generator, and other auxiliaries. The boiler generates steam at high pressure and high temperature. The steam turbine converts the heat energy of steam into mechanical energy. The generator then converts the mechanical energy into electric power.

What are the 4 components of steam power plant?

basic Rankine cycle used in a steam power plant consists of the follow- ing main components: 1. Steam generator; 2. Turbine; 3. Steam condenser; and 4.

What are the components of a power plant?

Fundamental steam power plant components are Fuel handling plant, water treatment plant, ID fan, PA fan, Chimney, Water treatment plant, Steam Boiler system, Turbine, Mobrey Switch, Fusible Plug, Fluidized bed combustor, APH, economizer, generators, ash handling plant, dust collector system, condenser, cooling tower, …

Which is not important component of steam power plant?

Detailed Solution. Out of the given options, the Surge tank or surge chamber is not a part of steam power plant.

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What are the major components of a thermal power plant?

Principal Components of a Thermal Power Plant

  • Boiler (1) A huge boiler acts as a furnace transferring heat from the burning fuel to row upon row of water tubes that entirely surround the flames. …
  • Drum (2) …
  • High-pressure (HP) Turbine (3) …
  • Medium-pressure(MP) turbine (4) …
  • Low-pressure(LP) Turbine (5)

What are the main parts of the steam power plant explain broadly?

The various component of the steam power plant are:

  • Coal Storage: It is the place where coal is stored which can be utilised when required.
  • Coal Handling: Here the coal is converted into the pulverised form before feeding to the furnace.
  • Boiler:
  • Air-preheater:
  • Economiser:
  • Turbine:
  • Generator:
  • Ash Storage:

What is the principle of steam power plant?

A steam power station basically works on the Rankine cycle. Steam is produced in the boiler by utilising the heat of coal combustion. The steam is then expanded in the prime mover (i.e.., steam turbine) and is condensed in a condenser to be fed into the boiler again.

What are types of power plants?

Types of power plants for energy generation

  • Nuclear power plants. …
  • Hydroelectric power plants. …
  • Coal-fired power plants. …
  • Diesel-fired power plants. …
  • Geothermal power plants. …
  • Gas-fired power plants. …
  • Solar power plants. …
  • Wind power plants.

What is modern steam power plant?

 A thermal power station is a power plant in which the prime mover is steam driven.  Steam is produced in a boiler using coal as fuel and is used to drive the prime mover, namely the steam turbine.  Water is heated, turns into steam & spins a steam turbine which drives an electrical generator.

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What are the 5 main components of a nuclear power plant?

Any nuclear reactor that produces power via the fission of uranium (U-235) or plutonium (Pu-239) by bombardment with neutrons must have at least five components: nuclear fuel consisting of fissionable material, a nuclear moderator, reactor coolant, control rods, and a shield/containment system.

Which component in a steam power plant is used to heat the feed water from the flue gas?

Economizer. Economizer is a heat exchanger which takes heat from the flue gas, and increases the temperature of feed water coming from feed water common header to about the saturation temperature corresponding to the boiler pressure.

Which fuel is used in steam power plant?

12.1 Introduction. Steam power plants are widely utilized throughout the world for electricity generation, and coal is often used to fuel these plants.

What is the most efficient cycle for a steam power plant?

The Rankine cycle is the ideal cycle for vapor power plants; it includes the following four reversible processes: 1-2: Isentropic compression Water enters the pump as state 1 as saturated liquid and is compressed isentropically to the operating pressure of the boiler.