The produced electricity of ~ 9000 GWh/a is mainly generated by hydro energy (96 %) followed by wind energy (4 %), whereof in total 11 % get exported. In contrast the major share of energy supply for transport is imported in forms of petroleum. Ethiopia is endowed with renewable energy sources.
Where does Ethiopia get its electricity from?
Ethiopia has abundant renewable energy resources and has the potential to generate over 60,000 megawatts (MW) of electric power from hydroelectric, wind, solar and geothermal sources. As a result of Ethiopia’s rapid GDP growth over the previous decade, demand for electricity has been steadily increasing.
How much electricity does Ethiopia have?
In July 2017, the country had a total installed capacity of ~4.3 GWe and an annual electricity production of 12.5 TWh. In 2017, hydropower has the largest share with 89.5% of the installed capacity and with 93,4% of the annual electricity production.
Does Ethiopia import electricity?
Ethiopia exports electricity to Djibouti and Sudan (up to 100 MW/each). There is a plan to increase power exports to Djibouti up to 400 MW due to a growing demand in the region. Ethiopia is also negotiating a PPA to begin exporting up to 400 MW of power to Kenya.
Does Ethiopia use solar energy?
Ethiopia one of the country in east of Africa has abundant solar energy resources. The national annual average irradiance of the country is estimated to be about 5.2 kWh/m2/day [9,22].
Why does Ethiopia have no electricity?
The geographic nature of Ethiopia varies, and the potential of generating hydropower, solar power, wind power, and others is also geographically dependent like the Renaissance Dam of Ethiopia which will eliminate the shortage of electricity when it starts power generation.
Why does Ethiopia use biomass?
The largest part of the Ethiopian population lives in rural areas of the country and is highly dependent on agriculture . … Nearly 90% of the energy demand is fulfilled from traditional use of biomass for cooking and baking within the country , in both rural and urban areas.
Is Ethiopia rich or poor?
With more than 112 million people (2019), Ethiopia is the second most populous nation in Africa after Nigeria, and the fastest growing economy in the region. However, it is also one of the poorest, with a per capita income of $850.
When was electricity first used in Ethiopia?
Electricity was first introduced to Ethiopia around 1898 during Emperor Menilik’s era as the then German government provided a generator as a gift to the Emperor mainly to supply electricity for lighting service to his palace.
How much electricity does Ethiopia use per year?
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 79 kWh.
What is the present position of power in Ethiopia?
With this, Ethiopia was at position 101 and with an installed electricity generation capacity of 2.4 GW at the position 104 worldwide according to the CIA. In July 2017, the so-called nameplatepower capacity, the overall installed power capacity, was up to 4,267.5 MW.