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Electric and magnetic fields oscillate together but perpendicular to each other and the electromagnetic wave moves in a direction perpendicular to both of the fields.

## Are magnetic and electric fields in the same direction?

According to Biot-Savart law magnetic field is perpendicular to vector r. The same charge produces electric field. According to Coulomb’s law this field is in the direction of r. Hence,electric and magnetic fields here are perpendicular to each other.

## Do electric and magnetic fields oscillate at the same frequency?

Electromagnetic waves have two components: an oscillating electric field and a perpendicular, comoving magnetic field which oscillates at the same frequency, but with a phase shifted by 90°. They describe the movement of a packet of energy between two points.

## How does an electric field and magnetic field oscillate with each other?

Electromagnetic waves consist of both electric and magnetic field waves. These waves oscillate in perpendicular planes with respect to each other, and are in phase. The creation of all electromagnetic waves begins with an oscillating charged particle, which creates oscillating electric and magnetic fields.

## In which direction do the electric and magnetic field vectors oscillate?

The cross product of electric and magnetic field vectors i.e. E → × B → gives the direction in which the wave travels. It is given that wave is propagating along the x-axis. This means that electric field vector is oscillating in positive y-direction and magnetic field vector in positive z-direction.

## What is difference between electric field and magnetic field?

A magnetic field is a field explaining the magnetic influence on an object in space. A electric field is a field defined by the magnitude of the electric force at any given point in space. Current is the rate of charge moving past a region.

## Is electric field and electric field intensity same?

The electric field is a vector, a quantity that has both a magnitude and a direction. The electric field intensity is the magnitude of the vector.

## How do electric and magnetic fields interact in an electromagnetic wave?

An electromagnetic wave begins when an electrically charged particle vibrates. This causes a vibrating electric field, which in turn creates a vibrating magnetic field. The two vibrating fields together form an electromagnetic wave.

## What is the relative direction of electric and magnetic field with respect to the propagation of the electromagnetic wave?

For electromagnetic waves E and B are always perpendicular to each other and perpendicular to the direction of propagation. The direction of propagation is the direction of E x B. If, for a wave traveling in the x-direction E = Ej, then B = Bk and j x k = i. Electromagnetic waves are transverse waves.

## Do electric and magnetic fields have the same amplitude?

No. Mathematically oscillations of both fields have same amplitude, when we go for graphical representation for oscillations. But, it is not for wave propagations. However, if one field oscillates without propagation, and another field propagates as wave, then both of them have same amplitude (mathematically).

## Why do electric and magnetic fields oscillate?

An electromagnetic wave can be created by accelerating charges; moving charges back and forth will produce oscillating electric and magnetic fields, and these travel at the speed of light.

## What do electric and magnetic fields contain and transport?

What do electric and magnetic fields contain and transport? Energy.

Electricity and magnetism are closely related: power lines generate a magnetic field and rotating magnets in a generator produce electricity. But the phenomenon is actually much more complicated, because the electrical and magnetic properties of certain materials are also coupled with each other.